Category: ubuntu

PDF/A: Setup Linux CUPS to Print Archive PDF/A

If you have a Office and you have to archive Documents and Prints over Years you should have heard that there is a special PDF Type called PDF/A which is set as default Archiving PDF File Type for decades. To use it you can use the Linux Print Server called CUPS to translate all digital Prints to PDF/A. This free Software Printer is known on all Linux Releases, and he can listen on USB and Network Interfaces on Documents. Also you can use Network Printers/Scanners like the Brother MFC-Series to Scan Documents and later to print them virtual as PDF/A […]

Linux: Bash Script Time Saver Session Timer

If you use daily the Internet you know how fast the Time passes. The Internet Research can grab a lot of time without that you feel it. Thats wasted time! For saving Time on Linux you display a Timer Message on the User Screen after some Time, which let you remark that XX Minutes are gone. The Linux Tool who can offer this is called “gxmessage” Howto: Install gxmessage if not installed with $sudo apt-get install gxmessage open the root Crontab with $crontab -e Enter this code (Username = User!): */10 * * * *    sudo -u username DISPLAY=:0.0 […]

Ubuntu: Release Change

If you use Ubuntu on your Systems, you perhaps read last weeks about a new Release Version. I am often asked, must i upgrade now? My answere at first is not really, cause the new Versions are not cleaned up by all bugs and the User or Admin must recheck against the new advantages of the new Releases for production usage. I prefer to wait 3 Month after a Release by Ubuntu is published. But if you setup a very new Hardware your are often forced to take the LAST Release Version, cause it supports newest Hardware Chips by the […]

Apache: Analyse Logs Spam Bots

If you admin a Apache Webserver, you see often weekly thousand of visits a day on your Blogs. Background: These are no real users, this visits are made by Spam Bots in my Logs like or Bots! On info pages this Company says Admins should disallow crawl by robots.txt, but they IGNORE the settings! This x-guys is in my opinion against German Law “Datenschutz”. "Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; XoviBot/2.0; +" Solution: On Linux Setup a Firewall like ufw and block these IP Ranges To find out the IPs do: $sudo cat /var/log/apache2/access.log|grep| awk '{ print $2 }' | sort | […]

Ubuntu: Deja-Dup Backup Freeze Desktop

If you use Ubuntu Desktop 16.10 you will run sometimes into freezes of the Desktop with a Default Setup. Background: Theres a known Bug of the Deja-Dup Backup Service which is started by Cron. The Service take 100% Ram and 100% CPU usage. This did my PC with 16GB Ram too! Only HARD RESET helps to get back Control! Solution: Purge the deja-dup service with: $sudo apt purge deja-dup Use instead the “rsync” tool by command line with users crontab to Backup your User Homes to external or 2nd. Disk. This should fix the problem.